October 10, 2007

Playing Scalable City and The Night Journey

by Noah Wardrip-Fruin · , 6:02 am
Scalable City, as installed at SIGGRAPH 2007

One of the pleasures of SIGGRAPH 2007 was the art gallery, clearly back in full glory — with installations, wall pieces, monitor-based works, papers, panels, and even performances. Personally, I was particularly excited that the gallery provided the opportunity to finally play, myself, two experimental games I’d previously only read about and seen demonstrated: Scalable City and The Night Journey. In their gameplay and installation forms I found them two very different approaches to the experimental art game, an impression deepened by my conversations with the lead designer of each project.

Scalable City, carving a road

Scalable City, created by Sheldon Brown and UCSD’s Experimental Game Lab, presented itself very much as an installation: a darkened space with a double-wide projection and glowing custom controller. The main interaction was through a smooth oversize trackball, enabling an engaging style of play that felt like an inversion of Katamari Damacy. You play a whirlwind of cars, rolling over and along hills, ripping through stylized suburbs with aggressive eminent domain, laying road straight through groups of canyon-clinging houses, their pieces flying into the air — and later settling into striking new configurations. I particularly liked a couple of wildly cantilevered structures that spread over the road, still identifiably constructed from the pseudo-Mediterranian elements that make up most of San Diego’s newly-constructed housing blight.

A large glowing button, on the other hand, provided a way to take a virtual “step back” while playing. At different points in the simulated landscape it would reveal a wider view of the current scene, an insight into the pipeline used to create Scalable City landscapes, or other views of the project. I played with the trackball for a while, gleefully cutting my path across the landscape, then explored to find a few of these different views, and felt satisfied when I passed the controller on to the next player. I asked Sheldon about next steps for Scalable City and he talked about how they’d been able to use a new Cell-driven system from IBM to dramatically shorten the processing time required to create a Scalable City landscape. As a result, future installations could allow for landscapes based on the installation site — or even on locations selected via interaction with each audience member.

The Night Journey, as installed at SIGGRAPH 2007

As opposed to the darkened installation space of Scalable City, something like a living room setting greeted SIGGRAPH’s players of The Night Journey. I sat down in front of a small table holding a standard PlayStation 2 controller, off-the-shelf headphones, and simple signage with a few credits and directions. A television was directly in front of me, showing the image of the game. As I began to play it was clear that, rather than the high-speed paving of Scalable City, this game’s play attempted to create a sense of quiet contemplation. (This makes sense for a game created through a collaboration between Bill Viola, Tracy Fullerton, and USC’s Game Innovation Lab.) After my slow descent into The Night Journey‘s world, on-screen directions helped me move around deliberately, pause to contemplate (and be rewarded with media clips), and just enjoy my presence in its visually beautiful space.

The Night Journey's controller and headphones, as installed at SIGGRAPH 2007

But, at the same time, the experience of other people waiting, watching, and wondering when I might be done — which was fine for Scalable City — basically defeated my attempt to suspend my normal goal-directed way of playing, which I think would have made the experience of The Night Journey much deeper. Instead I felt driven to experience what I could, quickly, and get out. As soon as I’d had my initial directions in the starting area I headed straight for the water — the obvious landmark as I’d descended — to see what would happen. I walked underwater for a few minutes, eventually got back out of the water, started wandering around, and then felt I could no longer ignore the other people waiting to play. Interestingly, I stuck around to watch the next person play, and he also headed for the water almost immediately. Maybe it’s a natural compulsion — though I think, playing at home, I would have saved the experience of immersion for later. And that, of course, is the great thing about the fact that The Night Journey uses a standard console, standard controller, and standard television (rather than some specially-crafted installation setup). It could be something to explore, at home, in a truly contemplative fashion. That’s certainly the way I’d like to experience it.

I talked with Tracy later at SIGGRAPH, and asked her about this. She said it was one of their important goals for the project to make a new claim on the standard computer game console and controller — to present them in new contexts, as the instruments of a new type of experience. I applaud this move. On the other hand, as Warren Sack pointed out when he joined us, it also means that the piece has to struggle against all the baggage and expectations already associated with standard computer gaming equipment. Personally, I think the tradeoff is worth it if we are going to get a chance to experience The Night Journey in the contexts we choose for personal contemplation. On the other hand, if it is going to be like most other work of Viola’s — only available in art venues — then I would tend to agree with Warren, and would argue for a presentation approach more akin to that of Scalable City. Perhaps with an installation design that doesn’t allow others to intrude on the private contemplation of playing The Night Journey.

Screen, as installed at Calit2's StarCave for SIGGRAPH 2007

Of course, an experimental game I helped create, Screen, was also available for play at SIGGRAPH. In this case, I had little part in creating the presentation environment — the first public showing of UCSD’s new StarCave, in a 12-screen version, with 15 speakers and a floor-vibrating subwoofer. It was great to have a chance to show work in this spectacular environment, which combined audience-surrounding immersion with bright, sharp images and great sound. On the other hand, a number of audience members seemed to assume that the StarCave had been designed and built specifically to present my piece. Rather, I was more in the situation of The Night Journey, working to create a new experience for a given display and interaction technology. But in this case, rather than seeking to redefine a very familiar set of technology, Screen sought to provide an experience of play that could work together with the feeling of remarkable presence of the virtual produced by the StarCave’s new technology. (The image here was taken by John Graham.)

I’ve been moved to think about all this, in part, by my recent conversation with Mary around her post on high modernism, radical gameplay, and activist games. The familiar has the power of literacy and ubiquity — but may not be of the right shape and threatens to overwhelm with its accumulated cultural baggage. The unfamiliar requires a steeper learning curve (so may support less complexity in short periods of interaction), brings novelty (that must be addressed), but seems at times to hold almost utopian potential. With each work we explore different combinations, seeking experiences that can matter.

6 Responses to “Playing Scalable City and The Night Journey

  1. mary Says:

    great review Noah. I saw Tracy Fullerton recently present night journey at DiGRA 2007, Tokyo. It looks to be an amazing experience. Tracy is a great game designer and Bill Viola’s work is compelling; I cannot wait to experience for myself the collaborative work~! I’m especially interested in how time will be experienced in gameplay.

  2. Chris Lewis Says:

    From your review, I would probably agree with Warren about the framing of The Night Journey (which I have dabbled in online VERY briefly).

    The video game controller is a very familiar piece of hardware, gamers across the globe sit down, hold a controller, and say consciously or unconsciously “now I am going to play a game”. The mere action of grasping it implies what is going to happen. I may or may not be crazy, but if I am going to run around the Dashboard of my Xbox 360 to start some downloads or something, without playing a game, I will instinctively pick up the media remote, and not my controller, even if the controller is much closer. I’ll actually get off the sofa, walk over to the table, and pick up the remote! I feel uneasy moving around the menus with my controller, like it’s designed for or represents something else.

    Guitar Hero works precisely because it gives you *a guitar*. It communicates that you’re not about to play a game, you’re about to rock.

    The Night Journey has to fight against all of that. I don’t know how the controller is set up, but would a large trackball not suffice? Most people don’t associate trackballs with anything, and find it hard to use them without practice, forcing a slower and more considered pace. It would also firmly state that you’re not playing a PS2 game anymore, you’re doing *something else* on your PS2.

  3. Tracy Fullerton Says:

    Thanks for the insightful comments, Noah. I tend to agree with you that the Night Journey is something that is best experienced in an environment where you can spend a lot of time with it, exploring without the pressure of other people waiting their turn. Anecdotally, however, I’ve noticed that in settings where people are not feeling pressured to “move along,” it actually works quite well in a group. People tend to enjoy watching others play, passing the controller around the group in an unhurried fashion.

    Also, commenting on the use of the controller — we’ve actually done quite a bit of playtesting with subjects who are not familiar with game controllers. We have gotten it to the point where a new player, with no game controller experience, can pick up the game fairly easily. Though they are not going to be shooting Elites any time soon, they can navigate and play the Night Journey just fine. The interesting irony is that the basic controls are very similar to Halo, but of course, new players don’t realize this.

    As I mentioned to you at SIGGRAPH, the use of the controller was a conscious choice and, interestingly, a lot of the positive comments we’ve gotten on that choice have come from people who are not gamers, but find the controls “easier to use than they thought” from watching gamers play fast-action games. It seems that offering a totally different pace of content closes the gap for curious “non-gamers” pretty quickly.

  4. noah Says:

    Tracy, thanks for bringing the information about people who aren’t familiar with console controllers — I’d forgotten that part of our SIGGRAPH conversation. And I notice that, in my commentary above, there’s the implicit assumption that everyone has baggage that comes with these controllers. Of course, as you point out, many people have never used one. And some of the people who it would be most exciting to reach with The Night Journey probably don’t even have very strong associations with console controllers.

    At the same time, I think Chris (and Warren) are probably right that those who have spent hundreds of hours using the console controller for utterly different sorts of games carry strong associations to each use of it. I understand that one of The Night Journey’s goals is to claim the console for a new type of gaming — but I don’t think I’d previously appreciated the full scale of the challenge.

  5. Mike Rossmassler Says:

    Thanks so much for the extensive impression. I am an Interactive Media Graduate Student at USC and one of the artists who worked on The Night Journey, and I was fortunate enough to have Sheldon Brown as an advisor while i completed a degree in ICAM at UCSD. I think including both of these projects in this article is a very interesting juxtaposition, especially considering that both games provide a single button that provides a different viewing window for the world that the player experiences. This kind of feedback is interesting to me, considering the size of the world, as it provides an explicit demonstration of the designer’s thought process and intentions.

  6. noah Says:

    Mike, it’s great to have commentary from someone with your dual USC/UCSD perspective. I actually hadn’t thought, explicitly, about the fact that in these two very different games (one made to be a fast-paced installation experience, the other made to be a contemplative experience for a standard console setup) the main control other than navigation is a “change perspective” control. Is this part of a wider pattern, I wonder, or just an idiosyncrasy of these two examples?

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